By TNT Bureau
Aug 3, 2017: Changes in season bring changes in our lives. Every season has its own characteristics, which influences the habits and lifestyle. In ayurveda, changes of season are termed as Ritucharya. Ritu means season and charya means moving. Yes, the seasons move carrying its natural essence with no interruptions. Ritucharya has its natural effect in three doshas, three types of bodies as characterized by ayurveda.
There is no wonder that ayurveda is often termed as science of life. Ayurveda tells us how to balance the life based on every season. Ritucharya refers to observing right diet and lifestyle regime to cope-up with the influences caused by seasonal changes. The physical as well as mental strength of a person increases to fight off any ailments when appropriate diet and lifestyle is followed according to the changes in the nature.
The core concept behind balancing the lifestyle and diet for each season is living a disease free, healthy life.
Ayurveda and classifications of seasons
‘We all knew about four seasons, summer, spring, autumn and winter. Yet, in ayurveda, a year is divided into two major kaalas, called periods, which is subdivided into 6 short periods, three each. This division is made based on the directions of the sun position.
This classification of two periods measured by Sun’s position in north and south poles.
* North – Uttaraayana, a more aggressive period, ‘Aadaana kaala’ called taking away as both Sun and Wind are more powerful.
* South – Dakshinaayana, a more soothing period, ‘Visarga kaala’ called giving away period.
Each of these two major periods is subdivided into three terms, called Ritus.
* Uttaraayana Kaala – Sisira, Vasanta and Greeshma
* Dakshinaayana Kaala – Varsha, Sharat and Hemanta
There are total six seasons (Ritus) according to the ayurveda in one year and the body needs to adapt itself according to the seasonal variation to remain healthy, fit & disease free. It is because the body of every person is unique according to the ayurveda in terms of their Prakriti & doshas effects.
The body consists of 3 types of Doshas (Vata, Pitta & Kapha) & 3 types of Gunas (Satvik, Rajsik & Tamsik) in different quantity. These components are very important & have so much effect not just on one’s behavior but also one’s likings & disliking, type of skin we get, the food we eat, digestion process, body’s adaptation to different situations & seasons, kind of diseases which are likely to attack our type of body etc.
Ayurveda, being a complete science is a kind of natural helpline for human beings to know about their body type & live accordingly so as to avoid unnecessary health issues. One can also say it as an art of healthy living as it gives complete knowledge about our body & guides us as to what kind of food we should eat at what time, the type of lifestyle we must follow, the correct timing of taking food & sleep, correct posture of sleeping, things we should avoid to eliminate risk factor associated with our health & behavior both and so on. And all this is required to maintain hormonal balance inside the body In the present time, we spend a lot of our hard earned money on medicines & treatments of not just chronic health issues but for very minor problems like indigestion, mental stress, sleeplessness which if not treated properly can be converted into serious problems.
During Uttarayan, sun & wind are powerful which takes away the people strength & cooling qualities of earth. During Dakshinayaan, sun releases the strength, moon is more powerful & earth regains its coolness through clouds, rain & cold winds. The six weathers are also the part of these kaals as summer, Spring & Cold seasons forms the Uttrayan Kaal & Rainy, Autumn & Winter season forms the Dakshinayaan Kaal. In context to our body, these two kaals affects the Doshas in our body in the following way
- Vata dosha accumulates during the dry/ dehydrating heat of the summer. Rainy season makes it aggravated which causes indigestion, acidic atmosphere & gas produced from the earth.
- Pitta accumulates during the rainy season due to indigestion & acidic atmosphere. Autumn makes it aggravated when heat returns after the cooling spell of the rainy season.
- Kapha accumulates during the cold season due to winds, clouds & rain generated coolness. Spring season makes it aggravated when warm weather liquefies the accumulating Kapha