Vitamin D deficiency may limit HIV recovery, says study

By TNT Bureau

Apr 4, 2017: According to a new study, vitamin D deficiency can hinder HIV treatment. HIV-positive people often find difficulty in maintaining proper health due to their declining immune system.

The assistant professor of Georgia University (US), Amara Ezeamama said, “Because of the immune-destroying effects of HIV, infection usually results in relatively quick death without treatment. The magic of antiretroviral therapy, the name for drugs to treat HIV, lies in its ability to restore immune function.” She further added, ‘Our goal was to understand whether vitamin D deficiency limits the amount of immune recovery benefit for persons on HIV treatment.”

The level of immunity of people suffering from HIV is measured via CD4+T cells. This T cell helps motivates the immune system to battle with the pathogens.The immune status of HIV-positive people is usually measured by CD4+T cells, a type of T cell that helps the immune system fight off pathogens.

An 18-month study was conducted by Ezeamama and it was found that the immune status of 398 HIV patients was calculated at 0, 3, 6, 12 and eighteen months. Researchers found that the growth in immune function was parallel to whether individuals consumed sufficient amount of vitamin D or not.

The study showed that vitamin D helps the CD4+T cells to pull through more quickly. Those people with vitamin D deficiency took more time to recover their immune function as compared to those with higher levels of vitamin D.

“Given different vitamin D levels, HIV-positive adults recovered at different rates. We found a relationship between vitamin D and CD4+T cells,” Ezeamama said.

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